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Joints Pain and Mobility Impairment

A major reason for mobility impairment is osteoarthritis which is a chronic joint disease with a high prevalence in dogs. Almost 20% of canine pets develop Osteoarthritis.

Dr. Jyotika Sangale, Deputy Manager & Dr. Dibyajyoti Kalita, Head of Department Technical and Regulatory Affairs
Zenex Animal Health, Ahmedabad

Companion animals commonly suffer from mobility impairment, especially canines. The major reason behind the mobility impairment is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease with a high prevalence in dogs, almost 20% of canine pets spontaneously develop osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage of the bone joints gets damaged. As cartilage provides cushions to the bones of the joint, its damage causes friction between bones, leading to pain and decreased mobility in affected joints. Taking preventive action for joint health is, therefore, very important to protect the joints and give them quality years of active life.

Risk Factors: Factors for Osteoarthritis includes genetics, obesity, large or giant breeds, such as Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers and German Shepherd, Age (particularly middle age to geriatric dogs), injuries such as fractures or ligament tears, prior diagnosis of hip or elbow dysplasia, improper nutrition, poor conformation and repetitive stress from athletic activities such as flyball, agility or diving etc.

Signs of Osteoarthritis: Stiffness, lameness, limping, or difficulty getting up, lethargy, reluctance to run, jump, or play, pain when petted or touched, difficulty posturing, Loss of muscle mass over the limbs and spine, Swollen joints, Licking joints.

Therapeutic management of Osteoarthritis: In veterinary medicine, joint support and pain management are important areas to provide diverse options for canine patients without any adverse effects. The management of OA in animals involves various pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments to control clinical symptoms by protecting the joints, reducing pain, and increasing mobility. In recent years, Collagen supplements are gaining widespread acceptance in therapeutic management of osteoarthritis in human and companion animals. Addition of collagen supplements to dog’s diet found to be helpful to enhance flexibility and strength of their connective joint tissues. Collagen can even regenerate joints that have started to deteriorate.

Undenatured Collagen Type II: Undenatured type-II collagen (UC-II®), a patented and natural form of collagen extracted from the cartilage of the chicken’s sternum and used as dietary supplement. Many experiments and clinical studies demonstrated the effectiveness of Undenatured Collagen Type II in reducing joint pain and swelling and improvement of overall joint health.

Mechanism of Action: Undenatured Collagen Type- II (UC II) is used to reduce the inflammation of joints by interfering with the local immunity in animals. Undenatured Type II Collagen reduces the immune system’s responsiveness to antigens, limiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and preventing T-cells from attacking the body’s Type II joint collagen. This action helps to reduce joint inflammation and promotes cartilage repair.

Usage of Undenatured Collagen Type II as Supplement in Dogs and Cats: Many studies have demonstrated that administration of UC -II improves joint mobility, flexibility and comfort by preventing the immune system from attacking and damaging the articular system. It is also observed that it reduces pain and lameness. Serum parameters are also normal after use of UC-II for 90 days. Moreover, dogs receiving UC-II for 90 days showed an increase in physical activity levels.

Cats are more sensitive to NSAIDs as compared to dog, so the treatment choice for the cat with OA is restricted to the use of a few drugs. Administration of UC-II is one of the safest dietary supplements to minimize the joint pain. The joint supplement with UC-II, tested in cat found to be well tolerated and effective in reducing pain and swelling. Multiple studies have been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of UC-II supplemented alone and along with glucosamine and chondroitin, it is observed that administration of UC-II alone shows a significant reduction in overall pain compared to supplemented with glucosamine and chondroitin. It is also observed that 10 mg active UC-II supplementation alone is safe and well tolerated, does not cause any side effects and can be used for longer duration in canines. Considering its innovative mechanism of action, it can be used as an alternative to conventional therapy depending on the clinical severity of the OA.

(Disclaimer: UC-II®- Trademark belongs to Lonza)

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Vomiting in dogs

Frequent or persistent vomiting in dogs can be a sign of an underlying health issue

Vomiting in dogs is a common symptom that can occur due to various underlying causes. It is important for dog owners to understand the potential reasons for vomiting, as well as when it is necessary to seek veterinary care. In this article, we will explore vomiting in dogs, its possible causes, and some general guidelines for managing the condition.

Vomiting is the forceful expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth. It is a natural defence mechanism that allows the body to rid itself of potentially harmful substances. However, frequent or persistent vomiting in dogs can be a sign of an underlying health issue. Here are some common causes of vomiting in dogs:

Dietary indiscretion: Dogs are notorious for eating things they shouldn’t. Ingesting spoiled food, garbage, foreign objects, or toxic substances can lead to vomiting.

Gastrointestinal infections: Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections can cause inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in vomiting.

Dietary intolerance or allergies: Some dogs may have sensitivities or allergies to certain ingredients in their food, leading to vomiting as a response.

Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas can cause vomiting, along with other symptoms like abdominal pain, lack of appetite, and diarrhea.

Gastric obstruction: If a dog ingests a large object or a foreign body that cannot pass through the digestive system, it can cause persistent vomiting.

Kidney or liver disease: Dysfunction in the kidneys or liver can lead to vomiting as the body tries to eliminate toxins.

Medication or toxin ingestion: Certain medications, household toxins, or plants can be toxic to dogs and cause vomiting.

Gastrointestinal tumours: Tumours in the stomach or intestines can lead to vomiting, especially if they obstruct the digestive tract.

If your dog vomits occasionally and appears otherwise healthy, you may try some home care measures to help alleviate the symptoms. These include:

Withholding food for 12-24 hours to allow the stomach to settle. Provide small amounts of water or ice cubes to prevent dehydration.

Introducing a bland diet afterward, such as boiled chicken and rice, to give the gastrointestinal system a chance to recover.

Gradually reintroducing the regular diet over a few days, mixing it with the bland diet.

Ensuring your dog has access to fresh water at all times to prevent dehydration.

However, if your dog experiences any of the following, it is important to consult a veterinarian:

Frequent or persistent vomiting episodes.

Vomiting accompanied by other concerning symptoms like diarrhea, lethargy, abdominal pain, or blood in the vomit.

Vomiting in puppies, elderly dogs, or those with underlying health conditions.

Inability to keep water down, leading to dehydration.

Vomiting after a known ingestion of a toxic substance or foreign object.

Sudden and severe vomiting.

The veterinarian will perform a thorough examination and may recommend further diagnostic tests, such as blood work, X-rays, ultrasound, or endoscopy, depending on the suspected cause. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause but may involve medications to address inflammation, infections, or underlying conditions.

In conclusion, vomiting in dogs can be caused by various factors, ranging from dietary indiscretion to serious health conditions. Understanding the potential causes and knowing when to seek veterinary care is crucial for ensuring the well-being of your furry friend. If in doubt, always consult a veterinarian to determine the best course of action for your dog’s specific situation.

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Arthritis Management in Dogs

Arthritis is a common condition that affects dogs. However, with proper management, the symptoms of arthritis can be minimized, improving the quality of life for affected dogs

Arthritis is a common condition that affects dogs, especially as they age. It causes inflammation and degeneration of the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. However, with proper management, the symptoms of arthritis can be minimized, improving the quality of life for affected dogs. In this article, we will explore various strategies for arthritis management in dogs.

Veterinary Care: The first step in managing arthritis in dogs is to consult a veterinarian. They can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend a suitable treatment plan. Regular check-ups are essential to monitor the progression of the disease and make necessary adjustments to the management approach.

Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for dogs with arthritis. Excess weight puts additional stress on the joints, exacerbating the symptoms. A veterinarian can suggest an appropriate diet and exercise routine to help your dog achieve and maintain an optimal weight.

Exercise: While dogs with arthritis may be less active, regular exercise is still important. Low-impact activities such as short walks, swimming, and controlled play sessions can help keep the joints mobile and maintain muscle strength. However, it’s crucial to avoid overexertion, and exercise routines should be tailored to the individual dog’s needs.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can be beneficial for dogs with arthritis. Techniques such as hydrotherapy, massage, and range-of-motion exercises can help reduce pain, improve flexibility, and strengthen muscles. Consult a professional veterinary physical therapist for guidance on suitable exercises and techniques.

Joint Supplements: Certain supplements can support joint health and reduce inflammation. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate are commonly used to promote cartilage repair and improve joint function. Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and can help alleviate pain. Discuss with your veterinarian to determine which supplements are appropriate for your dog.

Medications: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage pain and inflammation associated with arthritis. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to alleviate pain, but they should only be administered under veterinary supervision due to potential side effects. Other medications, such as corticosteroids or disease-modifying osteoarthritis drugs (DMOADs), may be recommended in certain situations.

Comfortable Environment: Creating a comfortable environment for your arthritic dog is crucial. Provide a warm and well-padded bed where they can rest comfortably. Consider using ramps or stairs to help them navigate elevated surfaces, such as stairs or furniture. Non-slip surfaces can also be helpful to prevent accidental falls.

Assistive Devices: Various assistive devices are available to support dogs with arthritis. Orthopedic beds, joint-supporting braces, and mobility aids like carts or harnesses can help alleviate pressure on the joints and provide stability during movement. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if any assistive devices would be beneficial for your dog.

Alternative Therapies: Some dog owners explore alternative therapies to complement traditional arthritis management. These may include acupuncture, laser therapy, or herbal remedies. While research on their efficacy is limited, some dogs may experience relief from these treatments. Discuss with your veterinarian before trying any alternative therapies.

Monitoring and Adjustments: Arthritis is a progressive condition, and its management needs to be regularly evaluated and adjusted. Monitor your dog’s symptoms closely and communicate any changes to your veterinarian. They may recommend modifications to the treatment plan, including medication adjustments or additional therapies.

Last but not the least, managing arthritis in dogs involves a multi-faceted approach that focuses on veterinary care, weight management, exercise, supplements, medications, a comfortable environment, assistive devices, alternative therapies, and regular monitoring. By implementing these strategies, you can help alleviate pain, improve mobility, and enhance the overall well-being of your pooch.

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Delicious and Nutritious Unveiling the World of Dog Biscuits for Your Canine Companion

Dog biscuit is a specially formulated treat designed specifically for dogs. It is a popular choice among dog owners for rewarding their pets, training purposes, or simply as a tasty snack. Dog biscuits come in various shapes, sizes, and Flavors to cater to different breeds and preferences.

The primary purpose of a dog biscuit is to provide dogs with a delicious and nutritious treat. These biscuits are typically made from a combination of wholesome ingredients such as whole grains, meat or poultry by-products, vegetables, and vitamins and minerals. They are carefully formulated to meet the dietary needs of dogs and promote their overall health and well-being.

Dog biscuits are not only delicious but also serve important functions. They can aid in dental health by promoting chewing, which helps reduce tartar and plaque buildup on dogs’ teeth. Chewing on biscuits can also help alleviate boredom and provide mental stimulation for dogs, particularly for breeds that are known for their strong chewing instinct.

Additionally, dog biscuits are often used as training rewards due to their high palatability. They can be easily broken into smaller pieces, making them ideal for reinforcing positive behaviours during training sessions. The enticing aroma and taste of the biscuit serve as a powerful motivator for dogs to learn and obey commands.

Dog biscuits are widely available in pet stores, supermarkets, and online retailers. When selecting a biscuit for your dog, it’s important to consider factors such as your dog’s size, age, dietary restrictions, and any specific health concerns they may have. Consulting with your veterinarian can help you choose the most suitable option for your furry friend.

In conclusion, dog biscuits are a delightful and nutritious treat that dogs love. Whether used for training, dental health, or as a simple reward, these biscuits play a valuable role in enhancing the overall well-being and happiness of our canine companions.

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Oil for Dogs: An Overview of Benefits and Usage

Fish oil, coconut oil and olive oil have gained popularity due to their potential health benefits and versatility.

As a pet parent, you strive to provide the best care for your furry friend. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in using oils, such as coconut oil, fish oil, and CBD oil, for dogs. These oils have gained popularity due to their potential health benefits and versatility. Here, we will explore the various types of oil for dogs, their benefits, and how to incorporate them into your pet’s routine.

Coconut Oil: Coconut oil is a natural product derived from coconuts. It is rich in medium-chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid, which can promote healthy skin and coat in dogs. Additionally, coconut oil may have antibacterial and antifungal properties, making it useful for treating minor skin irritations or hot spots. When introducing coconut oil to your dog, start with small amounts to ensure they tolerate it well.

Fish Oil: Fish oil is a well-known supplement for humans, and it can also benefit dogs. It is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, including EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). These essential fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help manage conditions like arthritis and allergies. Fish oil may also promote cardiovascular health and support brain function in dogs. Consult your veterinarian for the appropriate dosage and to ensure the quality of the fish oil supplement.

CBD Oil: CBD (cannabidiol) oil is derived from the hemp plant and is gaining popularity for its potential therapeutic effects in dogs. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating various bodily functions. CBD oil is commonly used to manage pain, reduce anxiety, alleviate seizures, and improve overall well-being in dogs. It’s crucial to source CBD oil from reputable manufacturers and follow dosage guidelines provided by your veterinarian.

Olive Oil: Olive oil is a staple in many kitchens, but did you know it can also benefit your dog? It contains monounsaturated fats that can support heart health and contribute to a shiny coat. Additionally, olive oil acts as a natural laxative and can be useful for dogs experiencing constipation. When adding olive oil to your dog’s diet, use it sparingly to avoid excessive calorie intake, as obesity can lead to various health issues.

Hemp Seed Oil: Hemp seed oil is derived from the seeds of the hemp plant and is rich in essential fatty acids, including omega-6 and omega-3. These fatty acids are vital for maintaining healthy skin and coat, as well as supporting immune function. Hemp seed oil can be added to your dog’s food as a supplement, but it is important to ensure that the product does not contain THC, the psychoactive compound found in marijuana.

When incorporating oils into your dog’s routine, keep the following tips in mind:

Consult your veterinarian: Before introducing any new oil or supplement, consult with your veterinarian to ensure it is suitable for your dog’s specific needs and to determine the appropriate dosage.

Start with small amounts: When introducing oils to your dog, start with small amounts and gradually increase the dosage to monitor their tolerance and prevent any potential digestive upset.

Quality matters: Choose high-quality oils from reputable sources to ensure their purity and effectiveness. Avoid products that contain additives or artificial ingredients.

Monitor for any adverse reactions: While oils can provide numerous benefits, every dog is unique, and some may have sensitivities or allergies. Keep an eye out for any adverse reactions and discontinue use if necessary.

In conclusion, oils such as coconut oil, fish oil, CBD oil, olive oil, and hemp seed oil can offer various health benefits for dogs. From promoting healthy skin and coat to keeping their tummy clean.

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Dog Food: Ensuring Optimal Nutrition for Our Beloved Pets

Just like humans, animals require a balanced diet to maintain their health and vitality. Dog food and pet food are formulated to meet these specific nutritional requirements.

As devoted pet owners, we strive to provide the best care and nutrition for our furry companions. One crucial aspect of pet care is selecting the right food for our dogs and other pets. The market offers a wide range of options, including specialized dog food and pet food products, designed to cater to the unique nutritional needs of our beloved animals.

Nutritional Requirements: Just like humans, animals require a balanced diet to maintain their health and vitality. Dog food and pet food are formulated to meet these specific nutritional requirements. They are designed to provide the essential nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals, that contribute to the overall well-being of our pets. These specialized diets are created based on extensive research and understanding of animal nutrition.

Types of Dog Food and Pet Food: Dog food and pet food come in various forms, such as dry kibble, wet canned food, and raw or dehydrated options. Each type has its benefits and considerations. Dry kibble is convenient and often cost-effective, offering a longer shelf life. Wet canned food, on the other hand, can be more palatable for pets and provide additional moisture content. Raw or dehydrated diets aim to mimic a natural diet, but they require careful handling and may have specific storage requirements.

A purebred golden retriever dog is sitting indoors, in front of it is a bowl of raw, healthy food. The bowl consists of raw meat, carrots, and zucchini, illustrating the concept of a healthy diet for the dog.

Choosing the Right Dog Food and Pet Food: Selecting the right dog food or pet food for your furry friend can be overwhelming due to the plethora of options available. However, several key factors can guide your decision-making process. Firstly, consider your pet’s age, breed, size, and activity level. Puppies, adult dogs, and senior dogs have different nutritional needs, and specific formulas cater to these life stages. Similarly, certain breeds may require specialized diets due to their unique characteristics or susceptibility to certain health issues.

Additionally, if your pet has any existing health conditions or allergies, it is vital to choose a dog food or pet food that addresses those specific concerns. Many brands offer specialized formulas for pets with sensitivities or medical conditions. Consulting with your veterinarian can provide valuable insights into the ideal diet for your pet based on their individual needs.

Reading the Labels: To make an informed decision about dog food and pet food, it is essential to read and understand the labels. Look for products that list high-quality protein sources, such as real meat, as the primary ingredient. Avoid foods that contain excessive fillers, artificial additives, or preservatives. Ideally, the label should provide a clear breakdown of the nutrient content, including protein, fat, fibre, and moisture levels.

Monitoring and Adjusting: Once you have chosen a suitable dog food or pet food, it is important to monitor your pet’s response to the diet. Observe their energy levels, coat condition, digestion, and overall health. If you notice any adverse reactions or concerns, consult your veterinarian. Sometimes, minor adjustments or a switch to a different brand may be necessary to ensure optimal nutrition and well-being for your pet.

Conclusion: Providing our pets with high-quality dog food and pet food is an essential part of responsible pet ownership. These specialized diets are formulated to meet the unique nutritional requirements of dogs and other pets, promoting their overall health and longevity. By considering factors such as age, breed, health conditions, and reading labels carefully, we can make informed choices and ensure that our beloved companions receive the best nutrition possible. Remember, a well-nourished pet is a happy and healthy pet!

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Grooming is a pleasurable social activity among wild dogs

Primates engage in intense bouts of hair care and flea picking and horses love to nibble each other’s manes and backs.

Primates engage in intense bouts of hair care and flea picking and horses love to nibble each other’s manes and backs. Grooming is, therefore, an important behavioural interaction between man and dog. It also establishes us as the dominant one. The dog recognises this dominance when it “grooms” us by licking our hands and exposed skin, if we allow it. Start grooming as early as possible. Check and handle the ears, eyes, teeth, and nails. All dogs need grooming, some more than others. Generally, the longer the hair, the more frequently the grooming will be required. Introduce the brush and comb as a pleasant experience for short but frequent periods while the dog is still a puppy. Do not wait until your dog becomes knotted and tangled or its fur is clogged with dried mud before you think of grooming it. This is the surest way to make your dog hate grooming. Badly knotted fur should only be dealt with by experts. Consult your vet or a grooming specialist. Don´t forget that when nails are very long, cutting should be carried out by a vet because it is easy to cut into a vein in the nail, which causes bleeding as well as being painful. A vet will be able to cauterise it at once should this happen. The best way to keep your dog’s nails in trim is to take lots of walks on hard surfaces. If you do buy a special cutter from a vet or pet shop, only cut the very end of the nail. If the dog is nervous, handle its paws daily until it gets used to this, and then cut the claws on one foot a day.

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Taking Care of Paws in Dogs

Tips for taking care of your dog’s paws to keep them healthy and prevent any potential health issues

The paws of our canine companions play a crucial role in their overall health and well-being. Whether they’re running, walking, or playing their paws endure a lot of wear and tear. As responsible pet owners, it is essential to provide proper care and attention to our dogs’ paws to keep them healthy and prevent any potential issues. Here are some essential tips for taking care of your dog’s paws.

  1. Regular Inspection: It is crucial to examine your dog’s paws regularly, especially after outdoor activities. Look for any signs of cuts, scratches, blisters, swelling, or foreign objects stuck between the paw pads. Early detection can help prevent infections or other complications.
  2. Nail Trimming: Keeping your dog’s nails at an appropriate length is important for paw health. Overgrown nails can lead to discomfort and affect their gait. Use a quality nail trimmer designed for dogs and be cautious not to cut the quick (the pink part inside the nail). If you’re unsure or uncomfortable with nail trimming, consult a professional groomer or veterinarian for assistance.
  3. Paw Pad Moisturizing: Dog paw pads can become dry and cracked, especially in dry or cold weather. To prevent this, apply a dog-specific paw balm or petroleum jelly to keep the pads moisturized. Be sure to use products specifically formulated for dogs, as some human products can be harmful to them.
  4. Paw Pad Protection: Extreme weather conditions can be tough on your dog’s paws. During hot summer months, avoid walking on scorching pavement that can burn their pads. In winter, protect their paws from ice, salt, and chemical deicers by using dog booties or applying a protective wax or balm. Wiping their paws with a damp cloth after outdoor walks can also help remove any potential irritants.
  5. Regular Paw Cleaning: Keeping your dog’s paws clean is essential for their overall hygiene. Use a mild, dog-friendly cleanser or simply warm water to clean their paws after outdoor activities. Pay close attention to the areas between the paw pads to remove any debris or dirt. Thoroughly dry their paws afterward, as moist paws can lead to fungal or bacterial infections.
  6. Avoiding Harmful Substances: Dogs can be sensitive to certain chemicals or substances, so it’s crucial to be mindful of what they come into contact with. Avoid walking them on surfaces treated with pesticides, herbicides, or other potentially harmful chemicals. Additionally, keep them away from cleaning products, fertilizers, and other toxic substances.
  7. Regular Exercise: Regular exercise helps maintain your dog’s overall health, including their paws. Engaging in physical activities helps strengthen their paw muscles and ligaments. However, avoid excessive exercise on hard surfaces, as it can lead to strain or injuries. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate exercise routine for your dog’s breed, age, and health condition.
  8. Professional Grooming: Regular visits to a professional groomer can contribute to maintaining healthy paws. Groomers can trim excess hair around the paws, which can minimize the accumulation of dirt and debris. They can also offer additional paw care services such as paw pad moisturizing and nail trimming.
  9. Proper Nutrition: A balanced diet plays a significant role in overall paw health. Ensure your dog’s diet includes essential nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, which promote healthy skin and paws. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your dog’s specific needs.
  10. Veterinary Check-ups: Lastly, regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for monitoring your dog’s overall health, including their paws. Veterinarians can identify any potential issues and provide appropriate treatment or preventive measures.
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To Bathe Or Not To Bathe Fido And Dido

Summer time is difficult for your fur babies and can pose serious skin problems for the dogs. Here is the vets advise for the pets.

We all love the fur baby who keeps us happy and active by rolling around on the carpet and the couch. But one question that frequently comes to a pet parent’s mind is, “is my fur ball clean? Can he hop around on the sofa? If not, then how often should we bathe the canine companion?”. Different people have different answers for this but one thing is for sure. Washing a dog at least once a month is a good rule of thumb in hot countries like India. Colder countries can opt for even once every three months. Several vets and groomers say once a week is also fine if they actually grow dirty. It all depends on the breed of dog, their activity levels and the environment as well.

As Dr Aparajita Chakraborty Roy puts it, “If your dog has a short, smooth and shiny coat then one or two baths in two to three months is sufficient. But for the double coated dogs or dogs with long coats, they need bathing at least once a month but if they are shedding or having dirt on the skin then they may need more cleaning. Regular bathing is important because it removes dirt and debris from your dog’s skin while helping to prevent potential skin conditions from developing which includes itchiness, dry skin or oily skin.”

Agrees Dr Narayanan SB, “ The frequency of bathing your dog greatly varies based on their breed, lifestyle, length of coat, age, and exercise given. There is a common practice among the pet parents who keep their dogs in outdoor cages to bathe their dogs every day when they wash the cages. But they always complain to the veterinarian about the bad smell near the cage. They bath their dogs more to get rid of the smell. In this case the actual cause of bad odour is due to the excess wetting of dog’s fur and skin. Due to excess moisture many microorganisms breed in their skin which can lead to chronic dermatitis. The simple tip to get rid of this is to wash your dog only when their fur is dirty and it should not be ideally more than twice in a week.”

According to Dr Narayanan, pet parents should not bathe more than twice in a week is a guideline to maximum number of washings and it does not mean to wash your dog every week. The decision of washing a dog can be made based on their skin condition, health and the climate. If you keep your dogs always indoors there is less chance that their fur will get dirty or stained. In such cases they ideally do not need a wash unless they are dirty provided you comb them every day. If your dog is highly active and spends a lot of time outside, they probably need a bath more often, especially if they regularly swim or play in the dirt. Dr Narayanan quotes the American Kennel Club guidelines, stating that long-haired and curly- haired dog breeds generally require more regular bathing and grooming to keep their coats from matting. The AKC also recommends bathing these types of dogs at least once every four to six weeks, with regular brushing between baths to maintain the coat.

Short-haired breeds such as Labrador retrievers can get away with infrequent bathing as long as they’re healthy. You must keep in mind that your dog’s skin will dry well after washing. Using a towel after washing will be a good practice. It is of great importance to touch them every day, check their paws, ears, under belly to check for any growths, wounds, mats in the fur and anything that is abnormal. If you are unable to comb and pet them every day there is less chance that you will get a chance to palpate their body regularly. In such cases washing them more often will help you to examine your dogs regularly. If your dogs are having any skin problems and have been recommended to use medicated shampoo by your veterinarians, then you should adhere to the vet’s instructions regarding the number of times to give them a bath. It is also a good idea to ask their vets regarding the bathing intervals for your pets.

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Checkout symptoms in dogs infected with Lyme disease

Lyme disease is caused by biting of the ticks in the dogs. After getting bitten, the bacteria will mix with the bloodstream and reach the different parts of the body can cause many problems like swollen joints, pain etc

What symptoms are found in the infected dogs?

These are some common symptoms which are diagnosed in the infected dogs:
● High temperature
● Denial of food
● Lethargy
● Dullness
● Stiffness
● Swollen joints

These symptoms can develop further into some really severe issues like kidney failure, cardiac and neurological effects etc.

What’s the effective treatment for Lyme disease or ixodes ticks?

An antibiotic therapy, which is the usage of antibiotics like doxycycline or amoxicillin for a month is an effective treatment against this illness.

How lyme disease can be prevented?

Here are some ways to prevent Lyme disease:
● Check your dog every day by yourself for ticks, check everywhere especially after coming back from the walk.
● Take off the ticks immediately if you find them.
● Ask your vet to do a thorough tick examination at every visit.
● Use some special products which are useful in keeping the ticks away from your dog.
● Keep the grass in your garden as short as possible.
● Keep your dog vaccinated against it.